Survivors face homelessness, lack of food and water, and freezing temperatures, especially at night, she said, adding that more than one million people are staying in temporary accommodation shelters with limited access to essential services. “We know how important learning and routine is for children and their recovery,” she said. “Right now, amid such destruction and uncertainty, children need support so they can regain a sense of normalcy.”
Homeless, hungry and cold
“So many had already lost their homes once before; this is the complexity of the tragedy that we see before us now,” she said. The education of nearly four million children, including over 350,000 refugees and migrants, is at risk, she warned, due to the overwhelming number of damaged or destroyed schools. “Clearing rubble is a vital first step, but we need to show reverence for the human lives and dreams that lie buried,” she said. Of the more than one million structures inspected so far, 156,000 buildings containing more than 500,000 separate homes and offices have either completely collapsed or are so damaged they will require demolition, Turkish authorities have reported.
Education at risk
Afshan Khan, UNICEF Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia, briefed journalists in Geneva on her recent visit to the region, where she saw first-hand some of the destruction. Clearing rubble, for example in Kahramanmaraş in Türkiye, is an essential part of recovery efforts following the earthquake. Ms. Khan visited Kahramanmaras, one of the 11 most affected provinces, where thousands of families are still huddled in shelters and temporary accommodation, or taking refuge in cars, bus stations, under bridges, and in makeshift tents. Priorities include helping to prevent public health threats to affected populations and emergency responders. As a first measure, UNDP has sent 160 dumpster-size waste bins, 54,000 kilogrammes of quicklime, and 10,400 litres of disinfectant to municipal authorities in Hatay.
Removing the rubble
Meanwhile, the UN Development Programme (UNDP) is seeking 3.5 million to support early recovery in Türkiye in the aftermath of the earthquakes, with most of the funding going towards removing mountains of rubble, estimated at between 116 million and 210 million tonnes. Both Türkiye and Syria were rocked by earthquakes on 6 February, and another struck Türkiye earlier this week. The request is part of the broader billion UN appeal for the country, launched last week. “I visited one of these centres in Kahramanmaras. Initially hosting 9,000 people, this centre is now home to almost 18,000. Nearly one third of them are children. The space is cramped, and living conditions are dire,” she said.
Protecting public health
UNDP also will deliver portable toilets and urgently needed waste collection supplies to affected communities while also working to repair some of the most urgently needed damaged water utilities. UNDP Resident Representative Louisa Vinton said ongoing support for the emergency response will be followed by a look ahead to the massive effort that will be needed to restore normal life in the area. The agency is planning to support the Government in addressing what it described as “the daunting task of debris management and rubble removal”. UNOCHA/Madevi Sun Suon