And as a growing number of Western european ski resorts at lower altitudes struggle to provide sufficient snow cover for their early-season visitors, the WMO pointed to widely accepted peer-reviewed scientific information from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC ) indicating that the frequency of cold means and frost days “will decrease”. According to the IPCC’s regional fact sheet designed for Europe , “the regularity and intensity of hot extreme conditions, including marine heatwaves, have increased in recent years and are projected to keep boosting regardless of the greenhouse gas exhausts scenario”. WMO attributed the warm spell in Europe to a high-pressure zone over the Mediterranean region which encountered a good Atlantic low-pressure system. Further north, in Denmark’s Lolland island, 2023 began with a new high of 12. 6C, overtaking the 12. 4C record set in 2005.
Temperatures lift off in Spain
“Strong declines in glaciers, permafrost, snow cover extent, plus snow seasonal duration on high latitudes/altitudes are noticed and will continue in a heating world, ” the IPCC said. Their interaction “induced a strong southern flux that brought hot air from north-western Africa in order to middle latitudes”, the EL agency explained, adding that this hotter-than-normal air “was more warmed when passing the particular North Atlantic, due to a higher-than-normal sea surface temperature”. © WMO/Bosko Hrgic And the eastern French associated with Besançon, which is usually frosty at this time of year, temperature ranges hit a new all-time a lot of 18. 6 degrees upon New Year’s Day, 1 ) 8C above the previous record, dating back to January 1918.
Highs and lows
In recent years, Bosnia and Herzegovina in Eastern Europe, has been impacted by climate change-related extreme weather, from extreme rainfall to heat surf. The weather extreme conditions experienced in Europe are projected to carry on increasing, the WMO warned, as it referenced recent evaluation published along with “high confidence” by the important UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). “Regardless of future levels of worldwide warming, temperatures will within all European areas for a price exceeding global mean heat changes, similar to past observations, ” the IPCC stated. Highlighting the influence of warmer sea waters on weather conditions patterns, the WMO observed that in the eastern Northern Atlantic, sea surface temperature was 1C to 2C higher than normal, and “near the coasts of Iberia, even more”. National and many local temperature records regarding December and January were also broken in several nations, from southern Spain to eastern and northern parts of Europe, WMO said.
Sign of the times
“All this particular caused record-breaking heat in many European countries on New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day, ” WMO came to the conclusion. According to the UN agency, New Year temperatures jumped above 20 degrees Grad (C) in many European countries, even in Central Europe. In the German city of Dresden, the 1961 New Year’s Eve record of seventeen. 7C was left trailing by the 19. 4C reading through taken on 31 December 2022, just as Poland’s Warsaw residents saw in the brand new year with temperatures peaking at 18. 9C, a staggering five. 1C higher than the previous all-time report for January, from 1993.