HomeUnited NationsDownturn hindering victim identification: UNODC human trafficking report

Downturn hindering victim identification: UNODC human trafficking report

“The UN and the donor community need to assistance national authorities, most of all in developing countries, to respond in order to trafficking threats, and to determine and protect victims, particularly in states of emergency. ” War and conflict offer opportunities for traffickers to exploit, with all the war in Ukraine elevating trafficking risks for the hundreds of thousands displaced.   UNODC elaboration of national data

Pandemic effect 

“We cannot allow crises in order to compound exploitation”, said UNODC Executive Director Ghada Waly.   The number of convictions for trafficking accidents also fell by twenty-seven per cent over the same period, accelerating a longer-term craze registered by UNODC since 2017. At the same time, women looked into for people trafficking are also significantly more likely to be convicted than guys.   41 per cent of victims escaped and reported to authorities independently initiative compared to 28 % of victims who were situated by law enforcement, and 11 per cent by members of the community and civil modern society. Sharper decreases had been registered in South Asia (56 per cent), Central America and the Caribbean (54 per cent) and South usa (46 per cent).

‘Self-rescued’ victims

The boundaries and names demonstrated and the designations used on this map do not imply standard endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. The analysis also found that fewer cases of trafficking for sexual exploitation had been detected during the pandemic, due to the closure of public spaces.   The report said this was especially alarming considering many may not identify themselves because victims, or may be too afraid to attempt an escape at all.

War and conflict

Examination of court cases found that women victims are subject to physical or extreme violence on hands of traffickers, at a rate three times higher than males. Globally, the number of victims detected fell by 11 per cent within 2020 from the previous yr, driven by fewer detections in low and medium-income countries. There are also higher levels of impunity within Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Countries in these areas convict fewer traffickers and detect fewer victims than the rest of the world.   According to the report, in spite of reducing opportunities for traffickers to operate, the pandemic may have weakened law enforcement’s capacity to detect victims. The seventh  Worldwide Report on Trafficking in Persons   is based on data collected from 141 countries over the 2017-2020 time period and an analysis of 800 different court situations.   The review shows how most sufferers originate in and are trafficked to countries in Africa and the Middle East.

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
Related restrictions may have pushed this form of trafficking into more concealed plus less safe locations, which makes it harder to identify victims.  

This suggests that the justice system may discriminate against women and that the part of women in trafficking systems may increase the likelihood that they are convicted of the crime.  

Women in the dock

Court situation analysis featured in the review also shows that trafficking victims who are identified, mostly get away from traffickers on their own and they are in effect ‘self-rescued’. At the same time, victims from these regions are identified in a wider range of destination countries than sufferers from other regions. Youngsters are subjected to seizure and trafficking almost twice as often as grown ups.


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