Last month, international media reported that Bishop Rolando Álvarez, a critic of the Ortega regime, began an “indefinite fast” inside a church after being followed by the police. “Relatives have reported their loved ones are being held in inhumane conditions, with particular concern for those in need of urgent, permanent or specialized medical care, which authorities reportedly refuse to provide.”
Release all detainees
Ms. Bachelet said her Office has also documented several cases of harassment and intimidation by the Nicaraguan authorities, putting the right to freedom of movement under grave threat.
“The number of Nicaraguans leaving the country is growing in unprecedented numbers, even higher than in the 1980s,” Ms. Bachelet told the Council.
Ms. Bachelet pointed to “serious concerns” that the Government could be seeking to further deepen its repressive campaign against political opposition.
“I strongly urge the Government of Nicaragua to uphold – not move further away from – its human rights obligations. I call on authorities to immediately cease policies which are today only serving to isolate the country and its people from the regional and international communities,” she said.
Children denied contact
In April, two parliamentary commissions completed an analysis of the criminal legislation being used to persecute perceived opponents, which proposes to tighten penalties and introduce other repressive measures such as confiscation of assets.
The socio-political, economic and human rights crises are also forcing thousands of people to seek a better life elsewhere.
In neighbouring Costa Rica, Nicaraguan refugee and asylum seeker numbers have doubled in the past eight months, with a total of 150,000 new applicants since 2018, representing three per cent of the overall population.
Widespread protests broke out in Nicaragua in April 2018 after President Daniel Ortega announced planned social security reforms. Hundreds were reportedly killed in the crackdown.
Most were convicted of crimes that include spreading false news and/or undermining national integrity, while six were charged with money laundering and related offenses. Ms. Bachelet said the convictions were reportedly based on allegations that were not substantiated during the judicial proceedings.
Silencing civil society
“Most of these detainees remain deprived of their liberty in a police detention centre. This year, they have been allowed only four visits from their adult relatives, and children continue to be denied the right to have any type of contact with their parents in detention,” she said.
“I take this opportunity to again urge the competent authorities to ensure the swift release of all people arbitrarily detained, and to guarantee their physical and mental integrity. Likewise, I strongly urge authorities that an independent verification of detention conditions be undertaken,” said Ms. Bachelet.
The 39 men and 11 women were sentenced to up to 13 years and are disqualified from holding public office. Eleven are currently under house arrest.
Parliament has shut down at least 454 organizations since November 2018, affecting not only national and international groups working in areas such as human rights, education, and development, but also medical and professional associations.
Academic freedom and the autonomy of universities have also come under threat. At least 12 institutions are now under State control after their legal status was arbitrarily cancelled. Additionally, academic programmes at all universities must now be approved by a central body.
Last year, dozens of political opponents were arrested ahead of the presidential election in November, which saw Mr. Ortega secure a fourth consecutive term in power.
The Nicaraguan police have also resumed harassment of Catholic priests, she said. The Government has also ordered the Catholic Channel to be removed from cable television.
Ms. Bachelet also expressed concern over the dramatic reduction of civic space in Nicaragua.
The United States is also witnessing an “unprecedented increase” in Nicaraguans intercepted at its borders. Numbers jumped from 3,164 in September 2022 to more than 92,000 this past April.
Harassment and intimidation
Another 50 people detained in the context of the 2021 elections are being held in conditions that contravene UN standards on the treatment of prisoners.
The 16,088 interceptions in March represent the highest recorded number to date for a single month, and eight times higher than recorded in March 2021.
Furthermore, a new law effective last month has also made registration of non-profit organizations more difficult. It allows the Government full discretion to information about their funds, operations and beneficiaries. Other provisions prohibit engagement in political activities and limit “foreign members” to a maximum 25 per cent quota.
“The authorities have claimed that the organizations and institutions affected failed to comply with their administrative duties and regulations related to money laundering and terrorist financing. We know however that their representatives have been prevented from defending their position with due process before an independent authority,” she said.
Uphold human rights
“Nicaraguans intending to leave the country have also had their passports withheld without justification. Additionally, entry into the country of a Nicaraguan citizen has allegedly been denied.”
“Passport renewals at a consulate abroad have been denied on some occasions, requiring the individuals to carry out the process in Nicaragua where their safety may be at risk,” she said.