Missions in Mali, Democratic Republic associated with Congo Continue to Suffer Greatest Number of Deaths
On 17 October 2022, Dady Barkai Abakar, Brahim Toubaye Ali and Hisseine Hassan Mahamoud, three peacekeepers from Chad serving along with MINUSMA, were killed and three wounded in an IED attack against a MINUSMA patrol near Tessalit, Kidal region, Mali. The peacekeepers were on a mine lookup and detection patrol. On 19 June 2022, Haba Emmanuel Jean, a peacekeeper from Guinea serving with MINUSMA, died in Kidal after being seriously wounded by an IED surge while carrying out a mine recognition search operation. Upon 30 January 2022, Cristofer Jos é Citan Ramos of Guatemala was the military point person during a MONUSCO patrol when it came under attack with the CODECO armed group within the Democratic Republic of the Congo. During the assault, he had been shot and wounded. Regardless of his injury, Mr. Ramos continued to return fire to deter the combatants and protect his colleagues. Secretary-General António Guterres awarded him a letter associated with commendation on 26 Might, the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers. On 1 June 2022, Ali Aljawabrah Jumah Ali, a peacekeeper from Michael jordan serving with MINUSMA, had been killed and three other people wounded in an attack towards a United Nations logistics convoy near the town of Kidal in northern Mali. To get roughly an hour, the convoy came under fire from suspected members of a terrorist team using small arms plus rocket launchers. Finally, on 29 January 2022 a military court in the Democratic Republic of the Congo sentenced 51 people to death for the killing of Zaida Catalán and Michael Sharp, people of the United Nations Group of Professionals on the Democratic Republic of the Congo , and their local interpreter, Betu Tshintela. Ms. Catalán, of Sweden, and Mr. Sharp, of the United States, were investigating reports of mass atrocities in the Kasai region surrounding fighting in between Government forces and armed militia, when they were abducted on 12 March 2017. Their bodies were found by United Nations peacekeepers two weeks later outside the city of Kananga. The particular verdict, which might be appealed, led to the conviction of Colonel Jean de Dieu Mambweni, Thomas Nkashama, Jean Bosco Mukanda and others associated with all of them. Noting that there was a de facto moratorium on the imposition of the death penalty in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the United Nations urged the particular country’s authorities to maintain the particular moratorium on the death charges and to consider abolishing this in law. On 18 October 2022, Ahmat Moukour Sabour, a peacekeeper from Chad serving with MINUSCA, succumbed to his injuries from the improvised explosive device attack sustained on 17 October near Tessalit, Kidal region, Mali. On 5 April 2022, Anil Gurung, a peacekeeper from Nepal serving with MONUSCO, was killed in an assault in Bali, Djugu place, Ituri Province, by thought militia members of the Coopérative pour le développement du Congo (CODECO). On 26 July 2022, Sanwalaram Vishnoi and Shishupal Singh, two police officers through India, and Azzouz Znaidi, a peacekeeper from The other agents, all three serving with MONUSCO, were killed as well as a police officer from Egypt wounded when violent protesters targeted the MONUSCO base in Butembo, North Kivu. The demonstrators called on the Power to do more to protect communities from the many armed groupings that roam the mineral-rich east. On 21 February 2022, four people of MINUSCA were caught by the Central African Republic gendarmerie in Bangui while escorting a senior army officer of the Mission. On 15 December 2022, Seán Cormac Rooney, a peacekeeper from Ireland serving along with UNIFIL, was shot plus killed while on patrol within Al-Aqbieh, just outside the UNIFIL area of operations in southern Lebanon. Three other peacekeepers were injured. On 5 July 2022, Hamza Ali Ahmed Elsayed and Sayed Sawy Mohamed Shawky, two peacekeepers from Egypt serving with MINUSMA, were killed and 9 others injured when their armoured vehicle hit the mine approximately 62 kms north-east of Gao, in northern Mali. Following is a non-exhaustive list of deliberate attacks within 2022 which resulted in the death of United Nations and associated personnel, compiled by the particular United Nations Staff Union Standing up Committee on the Security plus Independence of the International Municipal Service. For further information, please contact Vikram Sura at sura@un. org , United Nations Employees Union Standing Committee for your Security and Independence from the International Civil Service. The particular figures for preceding many years are as follows: 2021 (25 killed); 2020 (15 killed); 2019 (28 killed); 2018 (34 killed); 2017 (71 killed); 2016 (32 killed); 2015 (51 killed); 2014 (61 killed); 2013 (58 killed); 2012 (37 killed); 2011 (35 killed); and 2010 (15 killed). On 20 July 2022, MINUSMA was knowledgeable of the decision of the Authorities of Mali “inviting” the particular Mission’s spokesperson to depart the country within seventy-two hrs. According to media reports, the particular spokesperson was accused of getting posted “unacceptable information” on Twitter the day after the criminal arrest of 49 Ivorian soldiers in Bamako, capital of Mali, on 10 July 2022. For the ninth year in a row, the United Nations Multidimensional Incorporated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was the deadliest regarding peacekeepers with 14 deaths, followed by 13 fatalities in the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), four deaths in the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Main African Republic (MINUSCA) then one fatality in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). On 7 March 2022, Samir Ahmed Moataz and Prophet Sobhy Bassiouni, two peacekeepers from Egypt serving with MINUSMA, were killed and four seriously injured within an improvised explosive device attack against a United Nations logistics convoy in the region of Mopti, in central Mali. This brings the death toll to a minimum of 494 United Nations and associated personnel who were killed in deliberate attacks in the past 12 years from improvised explosive devices, rocket-propelled grenades, artillery fire, mortar rounds, landmines, armed and successive ambushes, convoy attacks, suicide attacks and targeted assassinations. Other Incidents By nationality, the particular peacekeepers who died within 2022 were from Bangladesh (3), Chad (4), Egypt (7), Guinea (1), India (2), Ireland (1), Michael jordan (1), Morocco (1), Nepal (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (7), Russian Federation (1) and Serbia (1). Upon 3 August 2022, the Government of the Democratic Republic from the Congo expelled the spokesperson of MONUSCO. According to mass media reports, the spokesperson, in a 13 July 2022 job interview on the sidelines of the every week MONUSCO press conference in Kinshasa, said that the application of a large part of the assets of the Mission and the military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the fight against M23 rebels had “negative implications” on other regions exactly where other armed groups managed. Independence of International City Service Continued to Be Threatened On 29 March 2022, Muhammad Ismail, Faizan Ali, Asif Ali Awan, Samiullah Khan, Muhammad Saad Nomani and Muhammad Jamil Khan, six peacekeepers from Pakistan; Aleksei Miziura, a peacekeeper from the Russian Federation; and Dejan Stanojevic, a peacekeeper from Serbia, all of them offering with MONUSCO, lost their lives in a helicopter crash in the east of the country. The MONUSCO helicopter that crashed in the Tshanzu area, 20 kilometres south of Rutshuru, in North Kivu, was part of a security and reconnaissance mission, performed in an area where clashes had taken place between the M23 militia and the armed forces from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Deliberate Attacks Resulting in Death On four January 2022, peacekeepers with UNIFIL on their way to fulfill Lebanese Armed Forces for a program patrol were attacked during the night by unknown perpetrators, their particular United Nations vehicles vandalized and official items stolen. At least 32 United Nations peacekeeping personnel — 28 army and four police, including one woman police officer — were killed in deliberate attacks in 2022, the particular United Nations Staff Union said today. Fatality Trend “ Peacekeepers and the civilian personnel exactly who work side by side with them are on the front lines of the United Nations work in the world’s the majority of challenging environments. We honor the memory of our 32 colleagues whose lives had been taken in 2022, ” mentioned the United Nations Staff Union President, Aitor Arauz. “Each malicious attack against UN personnel is a blow to peacekeeping, one of the pillars from the multilateral edifice. It is a group responsibility of the international local community to put in place appropriate systems to ensure accountability for these heinous acts, which may constitute battle crimes under international regulation. To this end, we were encouraged by the launch in 2022 of the Group of Friends to advertise accountability for crimes towards peacekeepers. We look forward to viewing Member States’ strong commitment on this issue lead to real outcomes on the ground. ” On several October 2022, Mohammad Sharif Hossain, Mohammad Jahangir Alam and Mohammad Jasim Uddin, three peacekeepers from Bangladesh serving with MINUSCA, had been killed following a roadside explosive device explosion near the border with Cameroon. The peacekeepers were on a night patrol, close to the village of Kaita, whenever their vehicle detonated an explosive device. On 27 January 2022, the Un Verification Mission in Colombia was the target of an attack, when three vehicles which were part of a joint expedition heading to the rural part of Guayabero to meet with local communities were approached simply by armed individuals, who produced the United Nations personnel step out of the vehicles. Two of the three vehicles were incinerated a few minutes later. Nobody has been injured. The attack on the joint mission, also composed of the United Nations Office for your Coordination of Humanitarian Matters and a non-governmental organization, happened in San José sobre Guaviare. On 11 February 2022, five United Nations staff members were abducted by suspected Al-Qaida militants in Abyan governorate, southern Yemen, while time for Aden after a field objective. On 3 September, Al-Qaida released a video showing one of the staff members. On 16 December 2022, Nasiru Bawa and Saratu Haruna, a male as well as a female police officer, respectively, through Nigeria serving with MINUSMA, were killed when mysterious armed men opened fire on a United Nations Police patrol in Timbuktu town. 4 other peacekeepers were injured, one of them seriously. On 30 September 2022, Babar Siddique, a peacekeeper from Pakistan serving along with MONUSCO, was killed in an attack on the Mission’s operational base in Minembwe, Southern Kivu, by suspected associates of the Twirwaneho armed group. On 3 June 2022, Baheer Abdelgalil Abdelaziz Sherif and Elsayed Ibrahim Ahmed Mohamed, two peacekeepers through Egypt serving with MINUSMA, were killed and an additional peacekeeper injured in an IED/mine attack against a United Nations convoy approximately 46 kms north of Douentza, main Mali. On 15 March 2022, the vehicle of Elsayed Moussa Abdelgawad Sameh, a peacekeeper from Egypt serving with MINUSMA, hit an improvised explosive 12 kilometres through the MINUSMA camp while this individual was overseeing a strategies convoy between Gao and Tessalit. He and 3 of his men had been seriously injured. Mr. Sameh passed away two days later on, on 17 March, throughout his evacuation to Dakar for further treatment.