HomeUnited KingdomDetailed guide: Living in the Czech Republic

Detailed guide: Living in the Czech Republic

What you should do

You should:

Coronavirus

You should follow the advice of the Czech Government and your local authority. You can also read our Czech Republic travel advice for our latest guidance.

For information on getting a COVID-19 vaccine as a UK national in the Czech Republic, see our coronavirus travel advice.

Stay up to date

You should:

If you were legally resident in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021, your rights will be protected by the Withdrawal Agreement.

You should check that you are correctly registered and should get a new residence document to evidence your rights.

You should also read our guidance on living in Europe.

Visas and residency

If you were legally resident in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021, you should get a residence document.

To get this document you must report your residence to your local office of the Ministry of Interior by 31 December 2021.

This deadline is indicative which means that your rights under the Withdrawal Agreement will not be affected if you do not meet the deadline. However, we recommend that you obtain your new document as soon as possible.

Read the Czech government’s guidance on residency.

We will update these pages with details of the new system as soon as more information is available. You should sign up for updates to this guidance.

Moving to the Czech Republic

Check the entry requirements for the Czech Republic. Read the Czech government’s guidance on visas.

Passports and travel

You should carry your residence permit (i.e. Potvrzení o přechodném pobytu, or Průkaz o povolení k trvalému pobytu), as well as your valid passport when you travel. If you have applied but not yet received your permit, carry a proof of application.

If you have not yet applied for a residence permit, you should carry evidence that you are resident in the Czech Republic. This could include a tenancy agreement or a utility bill in your name, dating from 2020.

If you cannot show that you are resident in the Czech Republic, you may be asked additional questions at the border to enter the Schengen area, and your passport may be stamped on entry and exit. This will not affect your rights in the Czech Republic.

Passports

Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip. You can apply for or renew your British passport from the Czech Republic.

You must have at least 6 months left on an adult or child passport to travel to most countries in Europe (not including Ireland). This requirement does not apply if you are entering or transiting to the Czech Republic, and you are in scope of the Withdrawal Agreement.

If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra months may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the 6 months needed.

Renew your passport before you book your travel if you do not have enough time left on your passport.

As a non-EEA national, different border checks will apply when travelling to other EU or Schengen area countries. You may have to use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing. You may also need to show a return or onward ticket.

Entry requirements

You can travel to other Schengen area countries for up to 90 days in any 180-day period without a visa for purposes such as tourism.

To stay longer, than 90 days in 180-day period, to work or study, or for business travel, you must meet the entry requirements set out by the country you are travelling to. This could mean applying for a visa or work permit.

Periods of stay authorised under a visa or permit will not count against the 90-day limit.

Different rules will apply to EU countries that are not part of the Schengen Area. Check each country’s travel advice page for information on entry requirements.

Travel to the UK and Ireland has not changed.

Healthcare

Read our guidance on accessing healthcare in the Czech Republic and make sure you are correctly registered.

If your UK employer has sent you to the Czech Republic temporarily, your access to healthcare is different. Find out how to access healthcare as a posted worker.

State healthcare: S1

If you have a registered S1 form and were living in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021, your rights to access healthcare will stay the same if you are either:

  • receiving a UK State Pension
  • receiving some other ‘exportable benefits’
  • a frontier worker who lives in the Czech Republic and commutes to work in the UK

Read our guidance on using an S1 form in the Czech Republic to ensure you are correctly registered for healthcare.

European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)

If you are resident in the Czech Republic, you must not use your UK-issued EHIC for healthcare in the Czech Republic.

If you were living in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021, you may be eligible for a new UK-issued EHIC if you’re:

  • a UK student in the Czech Republic
  • a UK State Pensioner with a registered S1
  • a frontier worker with a registered S1

Apply now for a new UK EHIC

An EHIC is not a replacement for comprehensive travel insurance.

For more information read our guidance on healthcare when travelling in Europe and advice on foreign travel insurance.

You should also read guidance on:

Working in the Czech Republic

If you were legally resident in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021, you have the right to work, as long as you remain legally resident.

You may need to apply for one or both of the following:

If you are planning to come to the Czech Republic to work, you may need a visa.

Frontier workers

If you live in the Czech Republic and were regularly commuting to work in another EU or EFTA country, before 1 January 2021 you may need a permit to show that you are a frontier worker.

Education and professional qualifications

You will be eligible for broadly the same support as Czech nationals, as long as you were legally resident in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021. Check that you are correctly registered for residency.

Read our guidance on:

Moving to the Czech Republic to study

If you are planning to study in the Czech Republic, make sure you meet all visa requirements before you arrive. Contact the relevant Higher Education provider in the Czech Republic to check what fees you may have to pay.

For more information read studying in the European Union.

Professional qualifications

You may need to get your professional qualification recognised if you want to work in a profession that is regulated in the Czech Republic. When doing this, you will be subject to the third country regulations.

If your qualification was officially recognised by the relevant regulator in the Czech Republic before 1 January 2021, make sure you understand the terms of your recognition decision by checking with that regulator.

Read the Czech government’s guidance on recognition of professional qualifications.

Money and tax

If you work in the Czech Republic, you have the same tax rights and duties as Czech citizens.

The UK has a double taxation agreement with the Czech Republic to ensure you do not pay tax on the same income in both countries. Ask the relevant tax authority your questions about double taxation relief.

Existing double taxation arrangements for UK nationals living in the Czech Republic have not changed.

Read guidance about:

You should obtain professional advice on paying tax in the Czech Republic.

National Insurance

Find out if you need to pay National Insurance in the UK or social security contributions in the Czech Republic.

Banking

Whether UK banks can provide services to customers living in the EEA is a matter of local law and regulation.
Your bank or finance provider should contact you if they need to make any changes to your product or the way they provide it. If you have any concerns about whether you might be affected, contact your provider or seek independent financial advice.

Read the Money and Pension Service guidance on banking, insurance and financial services changes for more information on cross-border banking.

Declaration of overseas assets

If you live in the Czech Republic for more than six months in the current year, you will need to pay tax on your worldwide income here. This may include income from securities, insurance, annuities, and property. We recommend that you check with your local Czech tax office.

Pensions

Read our guidance on entitlement to UK benefits and pensions while you are living in the Czech Republic.

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

If you retire in the Czech Republic, you can claim:

Read the Money and Pension Service guidance on pension and retirement changes for more information on cross-border pensions.

Life certificates for UK State Pensions

If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible – your payments may be suspended if you don’t.

Benefits

Read our guidance on entitlement to UK benefits and pensions while you are living in the Czech Republic.

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

Check which UK benefits you can claim while abroad and how to claim them.

Many income-related benefits such as pension credit and housing benefit cannot be paid to you if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.

Czech benefits

You may be entitled to Czech benefits. To find out if you are entitled to Czech benefits and how to claim, you can read the European Union’s guidance on claiming benefits in an EU country like the Czech Republic.

You can request proof of the time you have worked in the UK from HMRC if you are asked for this.

Driving in the Czech Republic

If you are resident in the Czech Republic, exchange your UK licence for a Czech one (in Czech). You can only exchange your UK licence after you have been living in the Czech Republic for 185 days.

You can exchange your UK licence at any municipality with extended competence (in Czech). You will need to provide at least two documents proving you are resident in the Czech Republic for more than 185 days in a calendar year. This can be your permanent residency permit, temporary residency permit, lease agreement, property ownership listing, employment contract, etc. You do not have to take a driving test to exchange your licence.

For information on driving in the Czech Republic, read our guidance on:

Driving in the UK with a Czech licence

You can use your Czech licence in the UK for short visits, or exchange it for a UK licence without taking a test. We will update these pages if there are any changes to the rules, as soon as information is available.

Bringing a UK-registered vehicle into the Czech Republic

Read our guidance on taking a vehicle out of the UK.

If you spend more than 185 days in the Czech Republic with your UK-registered car, you must register your vehicle with Czech authorities.

Voting

You cannot vote in local or national parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic or European Parliament elections.

You may be able to vote in some UK elections.

Births, deaths and marriages

If your child is born in the Czech Republic, you will need to register the birth with local authorities and register the birth abroad.

If someone dies in the Czech Republic:

Find out how you can get married abroad.

You will need to make a declaration in the Register of Vital Records (matrika) in the municipality where you plan to get married.

Find out about notarial and documentary services for British nationals in the Czech Republic.

You may also need:

Accommodation and buying property

Read guidance on how to buy a property abroad.

Pets

If you have a pet passport issued by the Czech Republic or another EU member state, you can use it to travel with your pet to Great Britain and elsewhere in the EU.

A GB-issued EU pet passport is not valid for travel to the EU or Northern Ireland. You should speak to your vet before you travel to get the necessary pet travel documents and ensure you’re compliant with the EU Pet Travel Regulations.

Read guidance on:

Check the rules of the country you’re travelling to for any additional restrictions or requirements before you travel.

Emergencies

You can dial the European emergency number on 112 or:

  • 158 for police
  • 156 for local police
  • 155 for health emergencies
  • 150 for firefighters

If you are the victim of crime, have been arrested, or are affected by a crisis abroad, contact the British Embassy Prague.

Returning to the UK

Tell the UK and Czech authorities if you are returning to the UK permanently. To help prove you are now living in the UK, you must deregister with Czech authorities.

If you receive UK State Pension or benefits payments, you must tell the International Pension Centre.

If you get healthcare in the Czech Republic through the S1 form, you must contact the Overseas Healthcare Team on +44 (0)191 218 1999 to make sure your S1 form is cancelled at the right time.

Read the guidance on returning to the UK permanently which includes information on, amongst other things, tax, access to services and bringing family members.

Disclaimer

This information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Czech authorities. The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) is not liable for any inaccuracies in this information.

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